Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam

03 02, 2018 Views: 296

Van Mieu - Quoc Tu GiamVan Mieu - Quoc Tu GiamVan Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam

Van Mieu (Temple of Literature) was built in 1070 under King Ly Thanh Tong’s reign to worship Confucius, Confucianism sages, scholars and had the function as the royal school. In 1076, King Ly Nhan Tong had Quoc Tu Giam built next to Van Mieu as a university for princes and mandarins’ sons.


Location: 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Ha Noi
Characteristics: This is considered as the first college of Viet Nam and the symbol of Ha Noi Capital.

Formation History

Van Mieu (Temple of Literature) was built in 1070 under King Ly Thanh Tong’s reign to worship Confucius, Confucianism sages, scholars and had the function as the royal school. In 1076, King Ly Nhan Tong had Quoc Tu Giam built next to Van Mieu as a university for princes and mandarins’ sons. In 1253, King Tran Thai Tong had Quoc Tu Giam expended and accepted all excellent students. Under King Tran Minh Tong’s reign (1314 - 1329), Teacher Chu Van An was appointed as rector of Quoc Tu Giam and responsible for teaching princes. In 1785, King Le Hien Tong renamed Quoc Tu Giam to Thai Hoc House. In the early Nguyen Dynasty, Thai Hoc House was moved to Hue.

Architecture

In front of Van Mieu, on the other side of  Quoc Tu Giam Street, there is a large lake called Van (Literature) Lake. On Kim Chau Mound in the middle of the lake exists the stele erected in 1865 with text of Van Mieu remodelling process.

Located in the 54,000m² campus with surrounding wooden-hammer brick wall, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam includes 5 separate zones.

The first zone extends from Van Mieu Gate (Great Portico) to Dai Trung Gate. Two-floor Van Mieu Gate consists of 3 arch doors. The second floor of the gate has a bell. Walking along the brick path, visitors come to 3-door Dai Trung Gate.

The second zone spreads from Dai Trung Gate to Khue Van Pavilion. Built in 1805, Khue Van Pavilion (the pavilion with the beauty of Venus – the literature star) is a square pavilion with 2 floors and 2-layer roof. The two sides of Khue Van Pavilion are Bi Van Gate and Suc Van Gate. The gates’ names mean to praise the beauty and value of literature. Khue Van Pavilion is a unique architectural work and the symbol of Vietnamese culture and literature.

Crossing Khue Van Pavilion, visitors come to the third zone with Thien Quang Well and the system of stone steles recording royal examinations. Thien Quang Well (or Van Pond) is square shape and filled with water all year round. The two sides of Thien Quang Well are the stele house zones. These are an important relics in Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam, including 82 steles which record the royal examinations of Le and Mac dynasties (1442-1779).
 
All steles are of the same model: the slab is flat with an arched pediment and tortoise-shaped base; the tortoise is rather big and looks strong; the steles are different in sizes. Every stele is put on stone tortoise’s back to represent everlasting national quintessence and reflect historical and cultural values of Viet Nam through 300 years. With the outstanding and rare values, these 82 steles have been recognized as world documentary heritage by UNESCO since March 2010.

Through Dai Thanh Gate, visitors arrive in the fourth zone, the main zone of Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam, including the large yard, Ta Vu and Huu Vu houses, Dai Bai House and Dai Thanh Temple. Dai Bai House has 9 compartments with many horizontal lacquered boards and parallel sentences praising Confucianism and sages in the middle compartment. Behind Dai Bai House is 9-compartment Dai Thanh Temple where worships Confucius.

The fifth zone is Thai Hoc House or Quoc Tu Giam, where trained talents for the dynasties. In 1999, Thai Hoc House Zone rebuilt in harmony with the surrounding landscapes includes Front Shrine, Back Shrine, bell tower, drum tower. 9-compartment Front Shrine is the place displaying materials on traditional fondness for learning, great respect for teachers of Vietnamese people. Connected with Front Shrine by a corridor, Back Shrine is a 2-floor wooden architectural work.
 
The first floor is the place worshiping Teacher Chu Van An – World Cultural Celebrity and displaying materials on Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam and Viet Nam’s education. The second floor is dedicated to kings who deserved credit for building Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam and contributed to national education, namely King Ly Thanh Tong, King Ly Nhan Tong and King Le Thanh Tong.

Cultural Activity

Currently, Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is the place to organize typical cultural activities such as scientific seminars, thematic exhibitions; ceremonies to commend the outstanding graduating students of universities, institutes in Ha Noi; awarding certificates of professor, associate professor; book festivals, Viet Nam poetry day, etc.

With the long-standing history and culture, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam has been recognized as a special national relic since May 2012 and 82 steles which record the royal examinations has been recognized as a national treasure since January 2015. This is an attractive cultural tourist site for visitors to learn about culture and history of Viet Nam.

Opening time: daily, summer: 7.30am - 5.30pm, winter: 8.00am - 5.00pm.
Fare: VND 30,000/person.

The same category : Travel Hanoi capital of Vietnam

Best restaurant in hanoi
Best restaurant in hanoi

Vietnamese cuisine came from Hanoi. This city has a long history of making the most of fine ingredients, packing as much flavour as possible into their simple dishes. Add some amazing international cuisines into the mix and you have a recipe for some excellent dining experiences.

Ha Noi Old Quarter
Ha Noi Old Quarter

The street names were begun with "Hang" and originated from names of types of merchandise produced and traded such as Hang Gai (Silk), Hang Duong (Sugar), Hang Muoi (Salt), etc. Therefore Vietnamese people usually call Ha Noi as Ha Noi 36 streets - guilds, of which street means concentration place of artisans or traders who specialize in same merchandise.

Phu Vinh rattan and bamboo
Phu Vinh rattan and bamboo

  The village of Phu Vinh rattan and bamboo. Located 35 km from central Hanoi, the southwest, the village of Phu Vinh rattan and bamboo, Phu Nghia Chuong (Hanoi), is known as one of the famous traditional handicraft villages.


Long Bien Bridge Hanoi City
Long Bien Bridge Hanoi City

Long Bien Bridge Hanoi was constructed from 1989 to 1902 during French’s occupation of the country. Though the bridge was designed by French, it was built directly by Vietnamese workers with indigenous construction materials like woods from Phu Tho, Yen Bai, Thanh Hoa province, cement from Hai Phong, Long Tho lime from Hue.

 
Bat Trang village
Bat Trang village

Bat Trang, the seven-century old pottery village, is an interesting attraction in Hanoi that tourists should not ignore. Located in an area rich in clay, the village has advantage of ingredients to create fine ceramics. Moreover, lying besides the Red river, between Thang Long and Pho Hien, two ancient trade centers in the north of Vietnam during 15th-17th century.

Hanoi Opera House
Hanoi Opera House

Hanoi Opera House is without doubt one of the most famous cultural and architectural monuments of Hanoi. Located on the famous August Revolution Square, Hanoi Opera House is just a few steps from Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi Old Quarter and Vietnam History Museum.

Tran Quoc Pagoda
Tran Quoc Pagoda

Tran Quoc Pagoda is regarded as the most ancient pagoda in Hanoi with its history line of more than 1,500 years. The architecture of this Buddhist center is a subtle combination between the solemn and beautiful landscape on the peaceful and quiet ambiance of West Lake’s surface. Thanks to these historical and architectural values, Tran Quoc Pagoda attracts many tourists to pay a visit, both inside and outside of Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh complex
Ho Chi Minh complex

 Ho Chi Minh complex, the heart of Vietnamese people. Vietnam takes pride on the very first President – Ho Chi Minh (or Uncle Ho), the National Liberation Hero, who founded the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, expressed in the construction of Ho Chi Minh Complex in Hanoi.

Hanoi beautyful autumn
Hanoi beautyful autumn

Hanoi Autumn is the most wonderful time of the year and Hanoi is the most romantic place of Vietnam. That’s a great combination which is not only for lovers but also for those who want to find inner peace.

Duong Lam Ancient Village
Duong Lam Ancient Village

Duong Lam Ancient Village. Located in Sơn Tây Town, 40 km to the west of Hanoi, Duong Lam Ancient Village is a very popular tourist destination at the weekends. The village attracts visitors because of its ancient houses and the architectural features of a

Maybe you are interested
Hotline: +84 868957115
Log in
Email
Password
Remember me
Sign in by :
Forgot password
Email
 
To request d’Spot you need to sign in
Singin
No Account
  • You haven't register at saigoncafetravel.com yet? Please take a few minutes to complete the registering and enjoy.
  • Register now!
HAPPIEST TO CHOICE 1000 SERVICE IN saigoncafetravel.com